Revision is the process of corrections and changes in a student’s work or a scientific article. This is an integral part of the learning process, which could also be a test of the learner's knowledge. This process involves not only adjusting grammatical and punctuation errors but also changing the style of writing and the meaning of the text. If you want to get a good grade in college, you need to know about the main features of the revision process.

Revision and Drafting

Revision and drafting are two very similar and interrelated processes. At first glance, it is difficult to understand how they differ from each other. In fact, the process of drafting takes place during the writing of the paper. It includes all the corrections that you make as you create the work. At the same time, revision is a process that occurs after writing of the essay, i.e., it consists in rereading the finished text and correcting the inaccuracies.
Many people mistakenly believe that revision and proofing are the same things. In fact, in the process of proofreading, the author eliminates only explicit grammatical and punctuation mistakes. Revision is a more complex stage of text editing, during which the writer needs to delve into the structure and meaning of the work. Proofreading is one of the stages of the revision.

The Essence of the Text Revision

Analysis and improvement of the text is an important stage in writing a student paper. After all, each text structure assumes the presence of structural parts that are located and logically related to each other depending on external (volume, genre, contact with the reader, etc.) and internal (composition and qualitative features of the presentation) circumstances. At this stage, the author gives a comprehensive description of the material after reading. To evaluate the text objectively, he or she acts as a strict critic while making the required changes. Revision of the text is carried out to maximize the quality of the work. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to every detail. Read the text as a whole and ask yourself some questions:

  • Does this work reveal the topic of your research?
  • Is the structure of this paper correct?

Thus, before correcting mistakes, it is necessary to determine the semantic component of the written text, to see the text with its shortcomings and merits in general. It allows you to plan and put revising tasks correctly, to outline the course of their solution, to provide the necessary edits. The revision does not mean a complete change in the meaning of the paper; you only need to improve the key elements that are of the greatest importance.

Pay attention to the style of writing. Get rid of the vernacular, which may accidentally appear in the text of your paper. Make sure that all citations and links are formatted properly (in accordance with the requirements of a particular scientific style).
Read the text attentively and make sure that the information is presented in a clear sequence. It can be the following: a description of the problem, its solutions, and conclusions. Avoid long sentences. They should be divided into 2 or more smallest ones, as they complicate the reading process. The revision of the text includes the elimination of typos. A part of typos may be highlighted by text editors. Particular attention should be paid to the names (cities, regions, companies, etc.) and terms. At this stage, you need to check the legitimacy of the use of certain words, and if you think that the part of the text can be cut without compromising its quality, do it.

Helpful Tips

Revision is a creative process because you cannot edit all texts mechanically according to the template. You have to take into account the originality of each of them. However, there are general rules for editing the text:

  • Work on the text begins with its reading; it is necessary to read the entire text, understand its tasks, and highlight its advantages and disadvantages.
  • Think over the sequence of work; identify the causes of the shortcomings of the text; specify the types of edits that you have to use, decide what you need to do (rework the text completely, reduce it, or just correct typos).
  • Editing should not distort the meaning of the text or the logic of presentation, so every corrected phrase needs to be read in context.
  • Print your text. You will be surprised at how many things you can see by reading an article on paper but not from the screen.
  • Use the colored pen. Bright ink can be easily seen when making corrections to the text. If red color irritates you, use a purple, green, or blue one.
  • If possible, increase the time between writing and revising the text. The more time passes, the more objective you become. Objectivity will help you achieve your goal: to convey your message to millions of people clearly and meaningfully.
  • If the phrase is not amenable to editing, rework it radically. After all, the same thought can be said in different ways.
  • Do not forget that, each text has its own purpose, audience, and, as a result, its functional style and expressive lexical means.

As you can see, the process of the text revision is not as complex as you might have imagined before. The main thing is a step-by-step approach. Therefore, you should not hurry and proceed to a new stage, making sure that you have completed the work on the previous one.