In Rachel Carson Silent Spring book, she addresses the far-reaching implications in the application of pesticides. The author questions the common trend in the application of pesticides and the fact that the chemical industry does not seem to worry about the end results of this common trend. She notes that the insects are important in limiting population, considering that some of the insects bring diseases as a form of population control. In the American fields, farmers are encouraged to use chemicals to make sure that insects do not affect the crops and farm production. However, the author does not understand how the agricultural sector advocates for the application of the pesticides and insecticides in the farms, yet most of the production from American farms is in surplus. In fact, in the 1950s the farm produce was always enough to serve the general population of the United States so extra harvest was exported to other countries. According to Carson, this process is an indication that insects are not harmful on agriculture. She asserts that the future generation will wonder why rational human beings would choose to apply chemicals in the farms, which in the end would endanger their own lives.
From Carson’s point of view, it is right that the application of the pesticides could be detrimental to the human health. Most of the chemicals used in the farms have the potential to cause harm on the lives of human beings. For this reason, the farmers have to follow the rules that guide their use of such pesticides. Of course, sometimes these farmers may overlook the policy that guides the use of these chemicals, which would even result in harm of their lives. As Carson notes in her book, the pesticides are termed as biocides, considering their effects are not only limited to the pests. Indeed, it is true that the chemical industry has been misinforming the public in regard to the effects of the chemicals, in order to continue making profit from selling these chemical products. Even though most of the ideas from Rachel Carson book are centered on the effects of pesticides to the environment, it is noted that four chapters give a detailed insight, in particular related to cancer, human pesticide poisoning, as well as several illness linked to the application of pesticides in farms. According to Carson, the laboratory tests on the animals’ subjects revealed that DDTs is responsible for causing suspicious liver tumors to animals. As documented by Peter, it is established that the scientists who discovered the cases were not sure how to classify the liver tumors; however, they felt as it is justified to consider them as low-grade carcinomas hepatic cells. According to studies, DDTs are linked to the chemical carcinogen.
Clearly, Rachel Carson is right when she predicts that, in the future, the consequences of using pesticides would be harmful to both humans and animals. In addition, the continued that use of pesticides and insecticides would lead to a resistance developed by the insects, as a result of using the same chemicals for a while. Consequently, more chemicals would be applied in farming, which will fail in eliminating of the targeted insects. These chemicals would weaken the ecosystem making prey to an unanticipated invasive species. Although Carson never called for the banning of the DDT in her book, she asserts that even though DDT are said to be less harmful to the environment, the indiscriminate overuse of the DDT chemicals should be seen as counterproductive, considering the possibility of the insects in being resistant to the pesticides. The resistance to these insecticides can only lead to the chemical companies designing new products, which in the end could increase its harmfulness to the human lives.
It is worth noting that no responsible person is comfortable with the insect-borne diseases. However, the question is on the appropriate way of attacking the insects, rather than the application of harmful chemicals in their elimination. In the world journey controls of the insecticides, it is noted that they have triumphed against most diseases through their control, however, little information has been is available on the effects these insect control chemicals have had on the human health, as well as in the general ecosystem. In contrast, studies have indicated that the enemy insects have now been made stronger by the human efforts in eliminating them. What is more, the human beings are at risks in the continued journey of wiping out the insects. As Carson notes, Malaria fighting programs, the resistance of which was developed by the mosquitoes has threatened the campaigns in its elimination. In this regard, people should only be encouraged to spray as little as possible. In addition, the sprays should be used on the limited area because overuse of the chemicals has proven detriment of the ecosystem, which is important in supporting human life. In this regard, Carson advocates for the use of an alternative way in minimizing insect population homes and farms. The application of an alternative way would ensure that human lives are not affected by the possibility of DDT overuse. However, most of the chemical companies were defensive, and instead blamed Carson of misinforming the public. This is an indication that these companies were not committed in ensuring that the pesticides they manufacture do not contain toxic substances that would affect human lives.
In the early twentieth century, concerns were raised over the United States conservation efforts. At the forefront of the conservation mission, was President Theodore Roosevelt, who is noted to be a dynamic force conservationism movement. During his reign, Roosevelt was concerned about conservation of the environment, thus made it a major part of his administration. He was pushed to write books, in which he described the importance of ensuring that environment is conserved. For instance, in his books, he describes the way his home looks in the presence of the trees and birds. He uses his work to draw comparison between the regions that have been conserved, and the devastating weather in regions that have failed to conserve the environment. Indeed, Americans could draw a lot of lessons from President Theodore Roosevelt.
At the beginning of the new century, most of the people had forgotten about the importance of conserving the environment. Most of the wild animals were endangered and some faced the risk of being wiped out. Majority of the Americans, and President Roosevelt, felt of concerted efforts aimed at preservation of the natural resources. His mission was to ensure that the animals are protected from the business, which is noted to be as threat to their existence. According to Roosevelt views, the right that the public has on the natural resources outweighs the existing private rights, and as a result, they should be given the first priority. Of course, some businesses in the United States were against his policies because their intention was to expand, without caring for the environment. By the end of his term in office, the president had overseen the creation of five national parks, five international bird conservation centers, game refuges, and national forest parks.
Indeed, President Roosevelt was right in his conservation efforts. Most of the businesses in modern world do not care about the conservation of the ecosystem. For this reason, his direct involvement in conservation efforts was a head start to ensuring that the natural resources care in an appropriate way. However, there are businesses that have been actively involved in the conservation efforts through their social corporate responsibility. In addition, the business society has been pushed to conserve the environment. As President Roosevelt intensified his conservation campaigns, he received huge support from the environmentalists as well as American citizens that raised concern on the depletion of the natural resources.
Given the importance of conservation to the ecosystem, President Roosevelt was right in his efforts to ensure that national parks are appropriately protected. The protection is not only important in ensuring the survival of the wild animals that were endangered of extinction, but also in the conservation of the ecosystem. National parks are restricted areas, where only authorized persons are allowed to visit or carry out certain activities. In addition, national parks bring in revenue to the government because they are an attraction to both domestic and foreign tourists. Therefore, the protection efforts cannot be considered futile, given that the government stands to benefits from the revenue collected from tourists. Moreover, the restrictions in the National Parks in the United States means that natural resources are protected from human destruction activities. In the phase of global warming, it is important that government agencies and private sectors be on the forefront in enlightening citizens on the importance of conserving the environment. By doing this, people prevent the calamities that could befall the United States, as a result of neglecting of the natural resources.