This paper discusses whether private IP addressing should be used in conjunction with Network Access Translation. The paper will also explore the IP class that can be used if using DHCP or Super Scope. Moreover, the paper seeks to examine the server operating system that can be installed. Internet Protocol (IP) addressing system is one important internet-accessing machine-identifier. Identifiers are important in ameliorating the problem of duplication of information in databases and in safeguarding information as it is transferred via the internet. IP utilizes numerical addresses in identifying machines connecting to the internet. IP addressing would be the best system to go for as it is efficient and manageable and can work well for both of our servers in the two schools, as well as our staff/student population.
There are two common versions of IP that we can consider; 4 (IPv4) and 6(IPv6). Both versions allow for private networks for a number of addresses. This is to say that there are more addresses in the pool than the IP addresses that can be allocated. IP addresses are picked from both the network section and from the host section (Lamme, 2007). The network section is responsible for network identification while the host section points out the particular node. IP makes it easy for allocation of addresses as it does so in blocks of different sizes. IP makes it possible to establish the number of addresses in a block; this is done through its oblique method. The number of addresses increases with a decrease in the number after the oblique (Sportack, 2003).
IPv4 has 32 bits in its address space. In IPv4, the number of bits remaining for address space in a network can be calculated using the number after the oblique notation. Using IPv4 would enable us to have room for a space of up to about 256 host addresses necessary to connect the staff/students’ machines to the internet (Rooney, 2010). IT administrators can use the Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) chart to manage and run school networks. IPv6 improves on IPv4 by increasing the bits to 128 thus allowing more than enough room for future increase of internet and network addresses. Another feature of IPv6 is that it does not require manual configuration or DHCP.
Instead of using the traditional Excell spreadsheets to manage IP addresses, IT administrators can consider other options that have been tried and proven more effective. Orion has been found to improve on many of ScienceLogic’s setbacks and is quite efficient to use. A custom map for Orion made from Solar Winds Network Atlas feature can make the whole business of identifying problems on the school network easy and time-saving (Rooney, 2010).
Private IP addressing can only be used in conjunction with NAT (Network Address Translation) when using IPv4 and not IPv6. IPv6 requires IP Security (IPSec), and because NAT sits on a boundary router between public networks and private networks, it cannot function with IPSec. NAT cannot recognize IPSec packets due to the encryption rules they use (Sportack, 2003).
There are five IP classes; A, B, C, D and E. Class A is designed for large networks, Class B for medium networks, Class C for smaller networks and Class D and Class E have to be reserved for special use. The schools’ projected student/staff population of 6,500 would do with Class B as it holds 65,532 hosts. DHCP server would suffice the schools’ population needs (Lamme, 2007). With regard to the server scope, a Super Scope would do as it allows DHCP server to support our staff/students population on two single-physical network segments that would enable the usage of multiple logical IP networks. Windows Server 2003 is an appropriate operating system to use with DHCP server.