For a very long time, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been known for its rich cultural heritage that has continued to be passed from one generation to the other. A classic example of this is the Dubai shopping festival that has continued to attract millions of tourists from different regions across the world. It is for this that all the countries in the Gulf region have taken an initiative to safeguard all these essential components of the Arabian culture. The reason being that it is a unifying factor and besides bringing people together, it is an important source of revenue for the governments. However, despite all this, because countries in the Gulf regions are not islands, they need other countries, and this has effectively been enhanced through globalization. Globalization has brought about technological integration and interaction of people from different places hence making the UAE a “global village”. However, there are a lot of concerns about the impacts of globalization on the culturally rich Gulf countries, from an individual perspective, globalization poses a risk and brings about economic, political and social challenges for the Gulf States.
One of the social challenges associated with globalization is evident when looking at how well the Gulf nations have managed to hold on to their cultures. It is evident that the UAE has effectively managed to guard its natural traditions and cultures for a long time. This has specifically been achieved by having a system of value whose impact has been the maintenance of cultural order. However, with the advent of globalization, there are several concerns. Due to globalization, there have been cultural interactions between the natives and those who come for business and tourism purposes. Although the impact is not very clear now, in the future as more and more people continue to arrive, it is likely that the younger generation will adopt some of the new cultures and do away with their own. This is likely to result in a lot of social conflict especially between the younger generation and the older ones. Additionally, due to the integration of information technology, many young individuals are having access to adult content materials, and this is likely to cause moral disintegration and, as a result, causing family problems such as divorce among others.
Similarly, globalization in the Gulf region poses a risk to the region's economic well-being. For instance, it is evident that due to globalization, many American and European businessmen are investing their time and money in studying different cultures of the Gulf countries. The motive behind this is to allow them to negotiate business deals effectively with their Arab counterparts. Though there are no problems with one investing in any country of choice, concerns mainly arise when many international cooperations make their way into UAE and seek to maximize their oil profit without giving much consideration to the development needs of the host population. It is a common practice for many of these international cooperations from the developed countries to outsource their working staff from India and China because they offer low-cost labor. Many Gulf nations are experiencing the challenge of unemployment. Investors who therefore seclude the white collar jobs for his people and prefer cheap imported labor at the expense of the natives is therefore not good for the countries. Such cooperation serves to exploit the people to meet their won demands because the citizens will continue to remain poor yet they are the real custodians of the resources.
Another negative effects of globalization for the Gulf countries can be seen regarding development of local industries. One of the attributes of globalization is that it tend to encourage global competition because the world is termed as a “global village”. However, as more and more product continue to flux into the country and making consumers enjoy diverse products, an important question that should come to the mind of anyone is the impact this has on the local industries. Globally, international cooperation enjoys economies of scale and thus their products are often sold at subsidized rates. When foreign companies make their way into the Arab market, it is likely that they are going to drive the local companies from the market hence achieving market dominance and monopoly. There are a lot of risks when the market is dominated by foreign companies whose values and principles do not conform to that of the host countries. Additionally, the disadvantage of such companies is that the revenue collected are not used for local development but are returned to their countries thus poverty levels continue to rise in the Gulf countries.
Additionally, the negative impacts of globalization extend covers the political aspects. Globalization has allowed for movement of people and sharing of different ideas through the internet. As a result, it is evident that if not properly monitored, globalization can lead to increased terrorism and criminal activities. Terrorists have been known to use the social media to recruit unsuspecting youths and in turn feed them with lies so that they can fight the government. On the other hand, because globalization encourages free interaction between people, it can allow for easy movement of war machinery into the member country and this equipment can be utilized s to cause massive destruction and property losses. Additionally, due to the political set up in many Gulf countries, for instance, Saudi Arabia, which is a pure monarchy. The United Arab Emirates are finding it curbing trade barriers because of the increased ethical and accountability concerns. Consequently, another common phrase used in to describe the negative impacts of globalization is that while the rich are getting richer, the poor on the other hand continue to grow poor. When those in the administrative roles continue to accumulate wealth at the expense of the poor, it is only a matter of time before a political revolution finally erupts in these countries.
In conclusion, it is, therefore, evident that globalization poses significant economic, political and social challenges for the Gulf States. The Many Gulf States have been known to be culturally conservatives however with the trends in globalization, a lot of problems are likely to arise in the future. For instance, due to cultural integration between people from different cultures coming into the member countries, it is likely that he locals will start to adopt some of their cultures and to forget their own. The impact of this is that it will likely result in social conflicts especially due to a misunderstanding. Similarly, globalization is likely to affect the country’s economy in that it will encourage investors from other countries to invest locally and because many of these cooperations are profit oriented, they are likely to look for alternatives for cheap labor and thus creating unemployment locally. Finally, globalization is a likely cause of terrorism because terrorist often uses social media and other channels to recruit new members. It is, important that the government put in place mechanisms that will ensure that the countries in the Gulf region incorporate different aspects of globalization will at the same time remain calm and peaceful. Therese will ensure that the people’s concerns are given first priority.