Social cohesion is a broad term that has diversified meaning depending on the area of application. The term can be used to refer to the bonds in the society that collect and bring people together based on such characteristics as ethnicity, education, employment and health condition among others. These conditions bring people together as they have a common interest and facilitate good relationships among them and within communities. Dynamic nature, multidimensionality and instrumental basis are important aspects that govern social cohesion. Dynamic nature aspect is concerned with the gradual change of this cohesion over time in terms of strength. Multidimensionality refers to the factors that cohesion is based on, while instrumental basis is concerned with social coherent based on a specific purpose such as a task (Joyce 18).
Individuality is described as the particular or the aggregate qualities distinguishing a person or a thing from the others. In the paper, individuality is discusses in different ways. In particular, the paper discusses how individuality affects people. Furthermore, it elaborates on how different types of characters are brought out in individuals. It compares the views of people on how individuality is perceived in the communities and societies. Moreover, the effects of individuality both negative and positive are discussed. The discussion goes on and elaborates on how to handle persons with special characters or personality (Joyce 64). This work involves discussion of individuality and social cohesion in broad, using terminologies such as wholesome resistance against commoditization, aggression, coercion, and confusion in order to bring a clear definition of human existentialism in relation to strength of individualism and social cohesion in the context.
Aggression is a personal trait or behavior that may be hostile or unwelcoming. Personal behavior is unique for every individual, thus depicting a sense of individualism. The ties or social coexistence among people in the same social set up, work place, education and health condition among others are greatly affected by aggression (Joyce 58). An example from the context, Stephen is in dilemma in that he cannot do what his friends at college are asking him, because it is a compromise with his religious beliefs. Moreover, the discussion between Dante, Mr. Casey and Mr. Dedalus ends with a dispute. Dante is more of religion antagonist, hence accepts in retrospect that the opinions of catholic priest must be upheld; he disapproves any one criticizing the church on political involvement (Joyce 68). In addition, Stephen supports Dante, but, on the other hand, Mr. Casey believes that the fall of Parnell was Catholics leaders and priests.
Individualism being an inherent character trait of a person is affected in broader sense by group ideologies and aggression (Joyce 56). It is true that such traits are unwelcomed at any set up, for instance the discussion ends in controversial cause of different beliefs among them. The conflict that unfolds makes Stephen understand there exists anger, conflict and fraught in adulthood talk. He gets to know that politics is a topic where family differences become evident. Mr. Dedalus and Casey believe that the Irish culture be upheld for the independence and prosperity of the nation, which is contrary to Dante’s opinion.
Stephens’s acceptance to marry Vance, who is a protestant, is seen as abuse to church morals and core values; his reaction was surprising to the family. The punishment for offences or crimes made by boys in Stephens’s class is charged as unfair.
Confusion is a state of bewilderment or anxiety. Its extent depends on the character and how people handle issues that are confusing. Stephen’s love interest grows in extraordinary manner. He experiences conflicts between his real life erotic encounters and the visualized life of pursuing Mercedes the heroine in Damas’ novel. The count of Monte Cristo manifests approval of Stephen’s desire of love (Joyce 73). In addition, he admires a woman at party; his stare brings a contemplation of his first encounter with Eileen Vance, whom had admired for a long time. His desire for love appears intense and confusing.
Confusion manifests itself if two parties are disagreeing on given issues. The traits or the individuality in each case bars agreement. In such cases families brake up, friendships suffer hardships and other upheavals that umber social-hood. It is important that all aspects of live are considered before we make any judgment. Confusion in greater detail builds if the growing population faces limited choices with varied options. Stephen’s growth continues to alienate him from his father who fails to figure reality in detail (Joyce 59). Mr. Dedalus tells Stephen to socialize with gentlemen, which he feels is shame and separation from his family. It is more confusing considering the fact that an individual is left with choice to hold his believe and identity despite creating social coercion. Stephen feels distant from his father, thus the existing bond between the two is broken. Furthermore, Stephen’s peers at school influence him a lot, their likes vary among them. Joyce narration on stream consciousness reflects the life of Stephen in Belvere College, where he was accused of mistake in the essay (Joyce 66). The tales of Joyce depict Stephen as the one who faced many memories of past, though at end we are never told why he links the girl, literary dispute and the false accusations against him. The unrevealed truth lives us being confused.
Coercion is an act of forcing one to comply with certain rules or conditions. It may be an act of forcing one to do something unwillingly to please others. Stephen has faced many obstacles. First, at Belvere College he is forced to smoke by two boys. He spends a lot of the prize with his family in hope for togetherness, but in vain. Foolishly, his accounts get depleted, but he gets nothing in return. He wanders the streets and falls with a prostitute to appease his mind. Coercion has a greater impact socially and it changes a person’s character (Joyce 47).
Commoditization involves conversion of something to a useful thing. In a wider scope, it is conversion of commodities and services to commodity. Stephen’s encounter with the past is momentary conversion of his soul, and even more so of his identity. The Arnell’s sermon takes him back to child-hood and to present. He focuses on the sins he has done and feels weak and numb, he admits and accepts his sins (Joyce 39). He confesses he had sexual relations with women and that he is young. He later walked home cleansed and full of grace.
Lastly, Stephens’s life changes from being fun to his initial set of priesthood.
To conclude, the aspects of human individuality and social cohesion grow together in actual sense. Commoditization, coercion, confusion and aggression tend to have a greater impact on personal character, traits and personal relationships.