Environment, Climate and Kyoto Protocol essay

Introduction

The environmental issues and problems which have obtained a sharp and frequent discussion since the recent times are believed to be the number one challenges which have to be solved in order to prevent the planet from the expected end and preserve the biodiversity as well as the human health and lives. The scholars around the world research the ways which would stimulate the environmentally friendly technologies to be used. The politician at both domestic and global levels make attempts which would help overcome the local and wold wide problems the planet is currently facing in the field of ecology.

A number of investigation in this area have led to appearance of the numerous environmental organizations which are called to struggle against the negative outcomes of the human activity and prevent the catastrophes which are likely to happen in case if the necessary measures are not taken. As a consequence, this proposal is aimed at depicting the key issues connected with ecology and environment harm caused by the Great Britain, a member of the Kyoto Protocol, and finding out the ways which would contribute to the reduction of the negative impacts upon the nature.

The Great Britain is generally acknowledged as one of those countries which produced the biggest influence upon the environment due to the number of industrial enterprises, transport system, etc. In addition to this, Britain is frequently supposed to be one of the largest producer of the greenhouse gases. The fact that the country has been a member of the Kyoto Protocol since 1995, there is still an urgent need in creating the measures which would contribute to the reduction of the negative outcomes the country's industry is producing and is expected to produce in the future.

The Great Britain is known to be one of the most prosperous country in the world. This is determined by the history of the country and the traditions which had been formed in political, economic and social life. The policy the country had been exercised through the ages had resulted in a number of the experiences which have been transmitted to the contemporary society. The politics of the country is focused on the development of all the key aspects of the economy, which presupposes the wide usage of the innovative technologies. They, in their turn, lead to the development of the harmful effects on the environment. The greenhouse effect which has become a trend and one of the essential issues in the environmental policy of the country is supposed to be overcome due to the rules and regulations from the Kyoto Protocol.

The economic field of the country is one of the most productive, since it comprises of a number of branches which have a tendency to correlate among each other and create a versatile and complex conglomerate of the mechanisms which presuppose a great contribution to the country's development. The economic assets are known to be vastly spent for the development of the technologies which would reduce the harmful effects of the industrial activity of the country. For instance, the Great Britain is known to release a so-called the Climate Change Act. This Act was established in 2008 and was called to contribute to financing of the key areas of environmental studies which were harmed the most and could be improved.

This directions in the policies are considered to be positive; however, they do not contribute to the problem solution to a great extent. This is why there is a constant need in proposing the way the country could change the rules, regulations and policies aimed at two directions: on the one hand, at development of the economic state, and, on the other hand, at preserving the better conditions of the environment which is being worsened to a great extent.

The social policy of the country can be characterized as either positive, since it promotes the healthy lifestyle, environmentally friendly usage of the resources and many other things which are called to contribute to the improvement of the ecological issues. In addition to this the social organizations which bear a non profit character can impact upon the thinking of people by the means of mass media (in its all manifestations). This is supposed to make a contribution to the shortage of the natural resources usage and saving up the cleanliness.

As a consequence, it is possible to claim that Great Britain conducts an environmentally friendly policy, which, hypothetically, can resist to the development of the majority of the challenges connected with the environment and its threats. In any case, regarding the fact that these measures and laws do not contribute essentially to the change of the situation in the country and in the world to the extent expected, it is necessary to implement a number of additional regulations which would have a positive impact upon the environment and which would not go apart with the world conventions and protocols, such as for instance, the Kyoto Protocol.

 

Contribution to the Climate Change

The Great Britain is a well known producer of the environment protection laws. On the one hand, the country stimulates the establishment and formation of the numerous organizations (both political and social) which are called to improve the environment. On the other hand, the country is a member of the world wide organizations aimed at the improvement of quality of life and the environment. Finally, the amount of financing in the country is not limited for the challenges the ecology is likely to face.

The signed up 1995 Kyoto Protocol and the 2008 Act of Climate Change are just the tiniest aspects of the work the British government and society conduct. In general, the policy of the country in regards of ecology and environment breaks into several directions. One of the directions is called as Carbon Budget. This term presupposes the reduction of the greenhouse gazes by the means of various tools and approaches. The Budget is meant to produce the “cost effective path to achieving the long terms objectives”. These objectives consist in the prediction of the possible distribution of the gazes in regards of their production and the measures which would have been included in order to successfully meet the issue.

A National Adaptation Plan is supposed to be the next step in addressing the climate and environment issue. It is called to analyze, forecast and work out the possible outcomes and issues which are likely to occur in the future. This permits, in Yamin's point of view, to be ready to address the challenges in case if they do happen; or in a more positive case, be able to prevent the most dangerous outcomes of the human activity. In addition to this, the key aim of the National Adaptation Plan is to plan the measures which have to take place in the nearest future in order to shorten or totally stop the spread of the negative outcomes of the industry.

The third essential compound of the British approach to address the ecological issue consists in establishing the Committee on the Climate Change. This Committee is supposed to elaborate the necessary measures in addressing the issues of ecology and coordinate the local – or domestic – actions with the global ones which are presupposed by, for instance, the Kyoto Protocol.

Thus, the majority of measures which have been taken by the British government is not small; however, these measures are not enough to meet all the necessary challenges occurred. This is why it is necessary to use a series of actions which would stimulate the already created rules and be based on them.

Sectors Affected by the Climate Change

The numerous scholars have a conviction in the fact that “the importance of addressing a number of empirical challenges when estimating the effect of international environmental policies in general, and the Kyoto Protocol in particular”. It means that while regarding the impact of the environment on the human lives it is necessary to regard the other aspects as well.

As a consequence, there is a great variety of the British sectors which have a tendency to be influenced by the climate change. One of the most vulnerable areas in the Britain which suffers from the climate change is the agricultural sector. This type of human activity is called to produce a number of vitally important goods which contribute to the economy's development. In reality, the worsening of the climate change on the agricultural sphere is significant. The lack of wetness and bad quality of soils results in the worsening of the harvest. This leads to the bad conditions of human health, on the one hand, since they have to consume the products which are of a low quality. On the other hand, the economy undergoes the downfall, since people do not want to purchase the low quality goods, and they do not bring that expected benefits and income which could have been reached. Consequently, the medical area is under the negative influence of the climate change.

History of the Climate Negotiations

The history of Climate Change Negotiations goes to the recent elaborations in the area. Having started before the World War II, the global organizations as well as the country-based establishments started creating a number of measures which would prevent the environmental threats. The results of these steps are Kyoto Protocol and the British Act of Climate Change. These two advancements have contributed to the problem solution to some extent; however, it did not provide the perfect way to overcome the challenge.

The necessity in creating several new approaches has appeared. This proposal is going to uncover them. First and foremost, it is of an importance to conduct the scholar work on inventing the means of alternative energy. The already existing ones are not enough to substitute the traditional ways to obtain energy. This will permit implementing these benefits into the industrial world. Furthermore, it will contribute to the decrease of expenses.

The usage of environmentally friendly equipment and technologies will simplify the work of the numerous aspects of human activity and prevent the humankind from a number of consequences caused by the exaggerated usage of chemicals, atom energy, etc. This is expected to be an important step to improving the conditions of the life. The shortage of greenhouse gazes the Great Britain (and many other countries) suffer from will reduce the extinction of nature (both fauna and flora). The biodiversity will not be harmed, and, as a consequence, will stimulate and contribute to the purification of the contaminated soils, water and air, i.e. they will perform the function which was initially biologically carried by them.

Thus, the work of the numerous organizations which deal with the environmental issues will have to be focused on the regulations connected with the further scientific development which would not harm the nature, but protect it. The human activity will have to be either regulated due to the fact that the numerous industries will have to undergo a number of changes. The environmentally friendly society will lead to the environmentally friendly activities, which, in their turn, will contribute to the increase of the human life level and quality.

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Environment, Climate and Kyoto Protocol essay

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