Flying robots, driverless cars, robotic soldiers, fully mechanized industrial manufacture – all these innovations might have seemed a fantastic fairy tale several decades ago. However, today, these high-tech products exist, and they give people a chance to enjoy their future life without hard work and hunger, wars and car accidents, crop failure and other negative aspects of the modern world. Robotic future is a reality that gives hope to those who struggle against poverty and starvation and those who are forced to live without upper or lower extremities. However, there are also those who believe that robots will substitute humans at work, and people will experience full unemployment. Partially, it can be true; nevertheless, with the appearance of new technologies, new job positions might be created, and human beings might be occupied with more interesting jobs than work on the factories and manufacture. Although many people are afraid of robotic future because droids will take their jobs, high tech products will save the world from food shortage, death in the war and car accidents, and some physical disabilities.
New technologies will save the humanity from starvation and agricultural losses. Since ancient times, people were forced to work the land and cultivate cereals and crops to feed themselves. When the weather was too rainy or too dry, there would be no crops, and people would suffer from hunger and even death. Today, the humanity has a chance of a satiated future, in which there is a lot of cheap and diverse food and drinks. Thus, according to Fresco, “We need clever low-key mechanization that avoids the problems of the large-scale mechanization that we’ve had.” The woman means that people should examine the existing problems of mechanization and its consequences, such as global warming, water and soil pollution, release of carbon dioxide, etc., and improve them. For example, people can create greenhouses and horticulture on top of their houses. The energy from these greenhouses can be used for heating these houses. Full mechanization of agriculture will relieve people from unnecessary work and give them a possibility to enjoy the life and do not think of their food. In addition, flying robots might help “to improve yields and make water management smarter”. Thus, those individuals who did this job before and examined their orchards will do this job sitting at the computers and controlling their robots. Such robots can evaluate the input for each tree and count leaf area index, assessing photosynthesis. The work can be done fast and effectively, which will for sure increase the harvest and save people from hunger. Therefore, robotic and mechanized future gives a chance to have cheap food and feed the whole world, saving human beings from starvation.
In addition, robots will save people from death in war and car accidents. As bad as it sounds, people organize wars against each other. When it is impossible to avoid the war, it is possible to avoid or reduce human deaths in this war. Singer argues that military robots can substitute soldiers or help them win the war. A human being needs to come close to examine the territory and understand whether there is a bomb or not. However, when a soldier comes too close, he appears on the top of the bomb and loses his life or, in a better case, some parts of his body. For this reason, humanity needs robots in the war. Such robot can come closer and define whether there is some hazard or not. Singer quotes one unit’s commander who lost many brave soldiers, “At least, […] when a robot dies, you don’t have to write a letter to its mother.” It is better to lose an artificial machine than a human life. Moreover, robotic technologies can save human lives not only in the war but also in the everyday experience. Thus, for example, Thrun affirms, “driving accidents are the number one cause of death for young people.” All these accidents are “due to human error and not machine error”. If all the existing cars were substituted with new self-driving cars, all these accidents might be avoided. The scientists claim that they have such cars today, and these cars can drive without human help since they have sensors that see everything around them. The innovative machines will save not only human lives but also their time since people will be able to read or perform some tasks while driving to the points of destination. Moreover, parents would not worry about their teenage children who drive to the party and might not return because of the car accident. Therefore, robots and new technologies can save human lives both in the war and while car driving.
Finally, high-tech products can help those people who have no legs or arms or possess some other physical disabilities. On the one hand, new technologies can serve as implants for such people. On the other hand, robots can perform different tasks for people with physical defects. When several decades ago, a person without arms and legs was bedridden or wheelchair-bound, today, such individuals can have artificial, fully mechanized implants and even participate in competitions. During his speech, Singer shows the images of men and women who have artificial hands and legs and even live without the lower part of the body. Technologies can do marvels, and there is no need to deny these marvels or refuse to accept them. Of course, it is impossible to substitute human brain now; however, the science does not stand still, and probably in the future, people with brain diseases or traumas will also have a chance to survive. Besides, not only can people have full-fledged lives with mechanical implants, but also they can have their personal robots to assist them in doing some domestic chores. These are not some dreams about the unreal future; this is already a reality in many high-developed countries, for example, Japan. In this country, human-like robots work as service providers in the hotels or hospitals, as well as serve as training machines for the students. Today, the droids are quite expensive, and only some people can have them. However, the more robots are created, the cheaper they will become, and most of the citizens of the world will be able to afford them. Robotic future is a chance to focus on some creative ideas and personal relationships instead of doing some domestic chores and performing hard jobs.
However, some people see robotic future as the end of employment, which, in turn, will lead to starvation and poverty. For example, McAfee states that people are sure that “the age of technological unemployment is at hand.” More and more factories and plants substitute human workers with technologies and robots; thus, people lose their jobs. The machines are more productive than human beings are; therefore, to increase corporate profits, the companies mechanize their manufactures. As a result, people get lower wages or are forced to quit at all. Partially, this situation is true. Nevertheless, people acquire new possibilities to make something different than work. Thus, McAfee argues that it is necessary to consider “a guaranteed minimum income” for those who lose their jobs due to mechanization. Moreover, new opportunities and new job positions will appear, as it always happens with the formation of some innovations. Although some workplaces might vanish, the other ones will be created. In addition, people will have more time to study, develop their skills, and become highly educated professionals in the sphere of technologies. Those who cannot do it still might benefit from robotic future: they might work at home, cultivate some crops, teach someone, or find many other interesting occupations. The only thing needed is the desire to develop and improve, and the robots will do all dirty and hard work. Thus, it is obvious that technologies will relieve people from many burdens and save their time for something pleasant.
In conclusion, robotic future is a real chance to enjoy the life since it can save humanity from starvation, ridiculous deaths, and even some physical defects. Due to mechanization, food becomes cheaper and more diverse, and even the poorest people can get white bread and meat to feed themselves. Robots and computerized machines can substitute soldiers in the war and save the lives of thousands of people. Driverless cars relieve the drivers and save their time while driving. Besides, such cars drive more safely than those driven by humans. Due to fully automated machines, the humanity can forget about car accidents caused by people’s errors and inattentiveness. Finally, the technological progress allows men and women with disabilities to have artificial implants and live full-fledged lives. Those individuals who cannot have such implants due to some health reasons can have robots to assist them in doing domestic chores and hard work. However, along with these advantages, robotic future has some disadvantages as well. Thus, with the development of new technologies, people lose their jobs and get lower wages. Nevertheless, even these disadvantages can be beneficial since they will allow human beings spend more time on self-improvement and development of their skills. Thus, robotic future is a high-tech breakthrough and a chance to enjoy the life to the fullest.