The modern technologies significantly diversified the possible methods of the obesity treatment. A growing number of studies suggest choosing the surgical intervention as it is more efficient than the ordinary diet. Having weight loss surgery is the best alternative to having a better lifestyle and to achieving that weight goal because now looking fit, having a higher self-esteem, or even landing a job opportunity depends on how your physical appearance is.
The weight loss surgery has profound long-term effects. The authors of the article, published in Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, argue that the obesity should be considered a chronic disease that cannot be treated only with the exhaustive exercises, diet and other lifestyle modifications. To prove the point, the scientists explain that the non-surgical treatment of the chronic obesity results in regaining the lost weight in 90 percent of cases. According to a bariatric surgeon Philip Schauer from Cleveland Clinic, the traditional ways of struggling with the obesity result in maintaining the gained weight loss for at least five years only in rare cases. It occurs due to the biological factors that more serious than the bad eating habits or immobile lifestyle. The experts indicate that the dieting simply triggers the biological impulse to find the caloric food and store it in a form of fat. Therefore, a more sustainable method of weight loss should be considered. Nowadays one may witness the discovery of a variety of the surgical options for the obesity treatment that includes gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric banding and gastric placation that cause the long-term weight loss. In 2013, the British Medical Journal (BMJ) published a meta-analysis of 11researches on the surgical obesity treatment that engaged almost 800 participants. The study reported the considerable weight loss, about 26 kg, in the surgically treated groups. Similarly, the Surgical Therapy And Medications Potentially Eradicate Diabetes Efficiently study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, indicates that bariatric surgery enabled 90 percent of patients to lose 25 percent of the body weight. Another research compares the outcomes of the obesity treatment of patients that participated in the medical-treatment program and those who agreed to undergo the surgical operation. According to the author of the published report Bobbi Paull-Fourney, the patients of the surgically treated group lost about 50 pounds of body weight compared to approximately 36 pounds in the other one. According to the follow-up data, the gastric bypass, in particular, enabled the patients to continue losing weight during the next year, while the weight of the medically treated patients remained practically the same. A large amount of mentioned evidence suggests that bariatric surgery is the most effective alternative to the ordinary diet that allows achieving the long-term results.
Furthermore, a growing number of researches show that Bariatric surgery is a productive method of treating a wide range of diseases while improving the overall health. The weight loss surgery appears to be more effective than the ordinary diet in the regulation of the high blood sugar and treatment of Type 2 diabetes. The study, published in JAMA Surgery, reports the successful remission from diabetes in 40 percent of cases after a gastric bypass procedure and in 29 percent after receiving a gastric band. Notably, some doctors point out that a gastric bypass seems to be especially effective since it presupposes reducing the stomach to a small size and a partial bypassing of the intestine, resulting in certain hormonal changes in the human organism. The similar study, conducted by the Cleveland Clinic, suggests undergoing the sleeve gastrectomy as a successful method of diabetes treatment. In other cases the weight loss surgery may be applied for the treatment of diabetes at the early stages for prevention of any further complications. The study, published in the BMJ, offers a more precise calculation, reporting 22 times higher diabetes remission rate in the surgically treated group. The surgical options appear to be rather promising alternatives for treating the diabetes. Moreover, weight loss surgery offers the prospects of decreasing the risks of cardiovascular problems. One may consider applying the surgical procedures for prevention of “coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral heart disease”. The doctors attribute the positive results to the return of the blood pressure and the cholesterol levels to normal ones that beneficially influence the overall well-being. According to Bobbi Paull-Fourney, the medical-treatment group experienced a 17 percent decrease of cholesterol levels and significant improvement of the systolic blood pressure during the following year after the trails. Thus, bariatric surgery allows a complex treatment of several diseases at the same time.
There are also cases of successful prevention of a wide range of other diseases. According to Viktoria L. Gloy and her colleagues, the analysis of 5 studies revealed a 2,4 times higher chance of metabolic syndrome remission in the group that underwent the surgical operations. Furthermore, the patients of weight loss surgery may enjoy joint pain relief. In Dr. Schauer’s words, “the significant and sustained weight loss” in result of surgery may increase the person’s mobility by relieving the stress on joints and making the use of the pain medications unnecessary. Apart from the mentioned facts, bariatric surgery effectively treats the obstructive sleep apnea, allowing patients to stop using a CPAP machine during the sleeping hours. The surgical intervention may also efficiently eliminate the pregnancy complications and gallbladder disease and improve the fertility. In addition, the number of medication used after the surgical procedures is lower compared to the non-surgical alternatives. In terms of the follow-up treatment, Viktoria L. Gloy and her colleagues claim that weight loss surgery requires a much lower antidiabetic, antihypertensive, and lipid lowering drug use. Depending on the performed procedure, the surgically treated patients receive from 54 to 89 percent smaller amounts of drugs). Overall, the numerous evidence clearly suggests that the surgical intervention is preferable for treating the obesity since it eliminates a wide range of health problems afterwards.
The beneficial results of weight loss surgery significantly contribute to the improvement of patients’ social life. Many scientists agree that the considerable loss of weight helps to overcome the depression caused by the poor body image and the sense of shame. According to Viktoria L. Gloy and her colleagues, the 3 of 11 studies reported the considerable improvement of the quality of life in terms of physical role, general health, vitality, energy and the emotional health. Therefore, bariatric surgery is an effective way to overcome depression and improve social connectivity.
In conclusion, weight surgery appears to offer a working alternative to the ordinary diet for tackling the obesity problems. The growing body of evidence suggests that bariatric surgery has the potential of provoking the significant weight loss and maintaining it for a considerable period. It seems to be a useful precaution for decreasing the risks of a large set of diseases and the amounts of medication used in the follow-up period. Weight loss surgery also causes the positive changes in patients’ social life by improving the body image and restoring the self-confidence.