The Vancouver style for citations and references was first proposed in 1978 as a framework for citing and referencing sources in scholarly medical literature. In other words, it was created to help medical researchers publish their works while avoiding any risks of plagiarism. The Vancouver style of referencing was first known as the ICMJE Recommendations. Now thousands of publication and millions of students across the planet follow this style to cite and reference literature sources in their academic works. We have created this Vancouver style guide to help you improve the quality of your writing. Follow our recommendations and look at the examples below to improve your academic results.

ICMJE recommendations cover several important topic areas. We have created this Vancouver style guide to reflect the most important recommendations from the ICMJE report and give you an idea of what it takes to use this style in practice.

In-text Citations:

Creating a Reference Page:

How to Avoid Plagiarism

Plagiarism means that you have used some information from an external source without crediting its author. It can be anything, from text and statistical data to a picture or a table. Plagiarism is synonymous to intellectual property violations and a theft. It can lead to severe legal and ethical consequences.

In other words, plagiarism is everything taken from other writers or authors without mentioning their names. It means that the student or the research has presented someone else’s idea as his or her own. Unless the information provided is common knowledge (e.g. the earth revolves around the sun), it must be followed by a properly formatted reference. All theories and concepts must also be referenced. Make sure that you follow the aforementioned recommendations to avoid plagiarism in writing!