In ecology distribution of resources, the abundance and their relation between the living organisms and the surroundings is studied. In addition, the study of human kind with their interaction with the ecosystem is done as well as the plants and their interaction with the ecosystem. The sustainability of the ecosystem is in-depth discussed. Sustainability is the aptitude to endure. For human beings it is the capability to have long term maintenance of well being, in return it depends on maintenance of natural world and ordinary resources.

There are examples of sustainable resources such as long-lived and vigorous wetlands and forests. The account of sustainability traces mankind-dominated ecosystem from the most primitive to the current. This account is distinguished by the amplified regional accomplishment of a particular community followed by crisis that were each resolute or not leading to sustainability or vise versa which causes decline. In the account of the humans, the use of fire and the longing for exact foods might have changed the common composition of plant and animal community. Between 8000 and 10000 years ago, the Maasai communities who are plain nilotes based in Africa emerged which depends in a big way on their surroundings and formation of a structure of durability. This community has been largely studied by historians over the years due to their way of life as well as holding to their culture despite the vast development of technology in the world. The community utilizes the locally available materials for their survival. For instance, milk and meat is used by this community as their staple food. Moreover, wild herbs and fruits are used to make medicines to treat human beings as well as their animals. For their decorations they use the wild grown beads and the red ochre soil to decorate themselves. The community is also accredited for the conservation of natural forests and wild animals. Their houses are well structured using cow dung and animal skins to prevent leaking.

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The western business uprising of the 17th to 19th century knocked into enormous growth potential of power in remnant fuels. Coal was used even more competent engines and afterward to produce electrical energy for the agrarian community. Modern sanitation system and development in the medicine industry protected the Maasai community from diseases. In addition to this, the community used natural medicines from natural forests to treat any emerging diseases. For instance the berks of trees, roots, leaves, flowers, fruits as well as the seeds from some trees would be used by these communities to treat diseases. Examples of these trees include; the Neem tree which the community treasured for healing over forty types of ailments including malaria. The theoretical and analytical structure of sustainability draws on and links with many diverse disciplines and fields; in the current times an area that has come to be called sustainability science that has cropped up. This kind of study is not yet independent field of its own, and has tended to be problem driven and geared towards guiding decision making.

In this view, sustainability is studied and directed over many parameters of time and space in many context of environmental, social and economic organization. The center of attention ranges from total carrying capacity of the planet earth to the sustainability of economic zones, ecosystems, states, neighborhoods, home gardens, personality lives, personal commodities and services, professions, ways of life, organic and human doings or any part of it. The general driver of individual impact on earths system is the destruction of the biophysical resources which mostly affects the world ecosystem. The entire environmental crash of a society or of the human beings as entirely depends on inhabitants and impact per individual which on the other hand depends on the complex means on how resources are being used, whether these assets are renewable or not and the extent of mankind activity relative to the carrying aptitude of the ecosystem involved. In this sense the Maasai community utilized the available resources at their disposal that enhanced economic growth that has its impact to the current times. For instance, the use of locally available medicines made from the traditional trees and plants lead to the development of modern medicine in which its growth continues and traces its discovery from the community. In addition, to this the community fed on the available food such as edible fruits from the forests and edible animals, insects and plants herbs and roots. This led to this community taking care of the environment since they knew that this was the source of their livelihood. Careful resource management were applied by this community at different scales such as economic activities like agriculture, manufacturing as well as their industries.

In attempt to measure sustainability graphically, the metrics used were sustainability of the situation, the social and economical sphere both at individual level and also at various combinations are still emerging which includes gauges, standards, assessments, indexes, accounting, and assessment appraisal among other reporting systems. These parameters can be applied over large range spatial and temporal scales. Some of the best known and commonly used sustainability measures include commercial sustainability coverage, Triple Bottom line accounting, and the approximations of the value of sustainability authority for personality nations using the environmental sustainability index as well as the Environmental performance index. The measurement can be presented graphically below.

The scale of dynamics of time and space were keenly used to describe the community that coexisted in any phenomenal. For instance the community used the coal energy as their source of fuel, electricity and also as their main source of transport since the locomotive engines developed from coal.

From the depth study of the agrarian community sustainable living can be described as a way living whereby a way of living by an individual is adopted in attempt to reduce use of the earth’s natural resources and individual resources. Those individuals who practice sustainable living normally decrease their carbon trail methods of transportation, energy intake and also their diets. Individuals who are aimed at leading a sustainable living, aims at conducting their lives in ways that are reliable with sustainability in natural balance and reverential of humanity’s symbiotic connection with the earth’s natural ecology and series. The practice and general philosophy of environmental living is an a bigger way interacted with the general principals of sustainable living.

As described by leister Brown a leading environmentalist, sustainable living in the 21st century can be defined as shifting to a renewable energy based economy system with a diversified transport system. in addition to this, it is also advisable to practice eco-village builders such as living villages which maintains that the shift to reusable technologies can only go through if the resultant built environment is attractive to the local way of living and can be maintained and taken as crucial over the generations.

In another broader dimension, sustainable living can be interconnected with social domain, money matters, politics and a person’s culture. In the primary conception sustainable living can be defined as living within the innate carrying capability as described by the factors above. To be able to practice sustainable living as an individual there are several practices that needs to be put in place to achieve this. First and foremost, use of renewable energy is way a good practice. This helps in reducing waste products that litters the environment as well as improving the interdependence cycle of human, animals and plants. Secondly, practice of diversified modes of transport that do not pollute the environment and hence reduce environmental hazards. In addition to this, the use of the right technology also improves sustainable and gives it development in a sensible manner. For example use of the right agriculture and the right architecture are the best examples of this. A good example of a region in the world that is integrating sustainable living principles is Sweden. The most basic principal of way of living in Sweden is to conserve the environment. For most of the Swedes currently, sustainability has become their lifestyle. There are several guides to sustainable living in Sweden. To start with, is the Swedish environmental protection agency. This national agency is concerned with conservation as well as outside hunting issues where it presents key environmental policies and ensures that the policies are implemented by the national government. The second organ is the Swedish society for nature conservation. This is a nonprofit organization that crates awareness is able to gather the environmental threats and creates atriums politicians and government authorities both in its state and globally. Furthermore there is the Formas agency that is led by the government and it is concerned with funding with issues regarding the environment, farming nutrients and spatial planning. In essence Sweden has many organs that are concerned with sustainable living that has put this nation in its current status.

In its broadest logic, the tactic of sustainable living aims at promoting harmony among humankind and between humanity and the natural world. In the specific context of sustainable living and environment crisis, which today’s national and global political and economic institutions have not and perhaps may not overcome, the quest of sustainable living requires some measures such as; a political structure that secures effective citizens judgment making, a social system that provides solution for upcoming tensions from disharmonious living, a production way of doing things that preserve the ecological sustainable living. In addition, a global system that fosters sustainable ways of conserving the environments should be created and also an administrative system that is flexible in terms of fighting for conservation of the environment, enhance the well being of the ecosystem and enlighten the human beings on the importance of sustainable living.

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